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Ricoh XR-X3pf camera manual
This printed manual is some 63 pages long. I broke up the on-line manual into sections to cut up the 90+ images.
main camera manual page
To part II To part III To Part IV
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|1. Locating the Controls||2. Function Map||3. LCD Information|
|4. Quick Guide in Program Mode||5. CONTENTS||6. ATTACHING THE STRAP|
|7. INSERTING BATTERIES||8. MOUNTING AND REMOVING THE LENS||9. SETTING LENS TO THE P (PROGRAM) POSITION|
|10. MAIN SWITCH||11. MONITORING CONDITION OF BATTERIES||12. LOADING THE FILM|
|13. SETTING THE FILM SPEED||14. MAIN SWITCH||15. CONFIRMING THE SHOOTING MODE|
|16. USING THE FLASH||17. HOLDING THE CAMERA||18. SHOOTING|
|19. FOCUSING||20. REWINDING THE FILM||21. SELF-TIMER FUNCTION|
|22. SETTING THE MODES||23. RESETTING THE MODES||24. SHOOTING MODES|
|25. PROGRAM AE MODE||26. SHUTTER PRIORITY AE MODE||27. APERTURE PRIORITY AE MODE|
|28. MANUAL MODE||29. to 37||38. to 51|
1. Locating the Controls
2. Function Map
3. LCD Information
Reading the Exposure Indicator
The exposure indicator is displayed on the LCD Panel
in the following conditions:
In Manual Mode and with exposure compensation, it is displayed in both the LCD Panel and in viewfinder display.
In Manual Mode, or with exposure compensation, the exposure indicator will display the correct exposure difference (EV).
The * (dot) mark flashes when the value is over -2EV or +2EV.
The exposure range (EV) in Auto Bracketing Mode and
the flash compensation value (EV) in Flash Compensation Mode are displayed.
The exposure difference (EV) of the manually set film speed and the automatically
set film speed are displayed.
Guide in Program Mode
6. ATTACHING THE STRAP
1. Remove the Battery Holder by turning the Battery
Holder Screw counterclockwise with a coin. (Fig. 1)
2. Slip the Viewfinder Cap and Shoulder Pad on to the strap. (Fig. 2)
3. Run the Strap Through the Strap Eyelet and set as shown. (Fig. 3)
4. Secure the Battery Holder to the camera body by turning the Battery Holder Screw clockwise with a coin. (Fig. 4)
5. Adjust the strap length as desired.
7. INSERTING BATTERIES
|1. Insert four new alkaline batteries into the
Battery Holder, first checking that the + and the - (negative) on each
battery are lined up correctly according to the polarity indications inside
the Battery Holder. (Fig. 5)
2. Secure the Battery Holder to the camera body by turning the Battery Holder Screw clockwise with a coin. (Fig. 6)
* Condition of batteries should be monitored frequently. See Section 11 for details.
* When changing the batteries, be sure to replace all four and to use the same battery brand.
8. MOUNTING AND REMOVING THE LENS
1. Pull off the Camera Body Cap. (Fig. 7)
2. Align the red dot on the camera with the red dot on the lens and mount the lens on the camera. (Fig. 8)
3. Turn the lens in the direction shown by the arrow until it clicks into place. (Fig. 9)
|4. To remove the lens, press the Lens Release Button,
then turn the lens in the direction shown by the arrow. (Fig. 10)
* Conventional K mount lenses can be used in Aperture priority and Manual Modes but cannot be used for Programmed AE Photography or Shutter Priority AE.
* For best results, use Ricoh original equipment lens. Proper performance of camera may not always be assured with other lenses. (MIKE: you must use a KR (Ricoh lens contact pin) or KA/R (Ricoh and Pentax lens contact pins)
9. SETTING LENS TO THE P (PROGRAM) POSITION
|1. While the P Lock Button is pressed, turn the
2. Set it to the locked P position for programmed
automatic exposure photography.
10. MAIN SWITCH
1. Slide the Main Switch to ON. (Fig. 12)
11.MONITORING CONDITION OF BATTERIES
|When the Power Switch is turned on, the battery
condition is displayed in the LCD Panel.
2. When the batteries are nearly exhausted, the (battery
and 1 dot) symbol will be displayed on the LCD Panel. (Fig. 14)
|3. When the (battery and 1 dot) symbol flashes,
the Built-in Flash cannot be used. To use the Built-in Flash, replace the
batteries with 4 new (alkaline) batteries. (Fig. 15)
4. When the batteries are virtually exhausted, the
(empty battery) symbol will appear in the LCD Panel. For a few sec. then
disappear all display. Replace with 4 new alkaline batteries. (Fig. 16)
12. LOADING THE FILM
Always avoid direct sunlight when loading the film.
2. Load the Film Cassette into the Film Chamber and pull out enough film leader to extend just beyond the Film Leader Index against the Take-up Spool. (Fig. 18)
* If the film leader is pulled out more than necessary when loading, the number of exposures could be reduced.
3. Make sure that the film is within the Film Guides, and that the upper sprocket edge is under the Guide Plate. (Fig. 19)
|The film may not load properly if the film leader is too loose. Make sure it is flat as shown in the illustration. (Fig. 20)|
|If the film has been properly loaded, the film speed
will first appear on the LCD Panel for about 2 seconds. Then, the Exposure
Counter will display "1" (Fig. 22).4www.butkus.org
Reload the film by repeating steps 1 - 4 shown above. (Fig. 23)
13 SETTING THE FILM SPEED
|DX coded films are provided with black-and-silver patterns corresponding to film speed and number of exposures on roll. The camera reads this pattern and automatically sets itself for DX films with speeds ranging from ISO 25 to 5000. (Fig. 24)|
* For advanced applications, you may wish to raise or lower the ISO speed of a DX coded film. You can override automatic ISO setting with manual setting. Refer to sec. 35 At this time, ISO range is from 12-6400.
1. Turn the Main Switch ON. (Fig. 25)
* If there is a film loaded in the camera, the film speed will be displayed for the first 2 seconds.
* See "Monitoring Condition of Batteries" on P.14.
* If the following functions are set, they will be canceled when the Main Switch is turned OFF.
· Multiple Exposure Mode
· AE Lock
· Self timer Mode
If the camera controls ~ or functions ** are not operated for about 30 seconds, the power consumption timer will cancel the display on the LCD Panel. At this time, if the Shutter Button is pressed lightly halfway, the display will appear again. All Buttons, Dial, Main Switch.
* * Shooting, Film loading, Film rewinding.
* When the power consumption timer has canceled the display, only the following can be operated: Shutter Button, Self-timer Button, Manual Rewind Button and Main Switch.
15. CONFIRMING THE SHOOTING MODE
1. Confirm that "Auto" is displayed in the LCD Panel. (Fig. 26)
* If there are other displays besides the "Auto" display in the LCD Panel, press the RESET Button.
does not appear when the RESET Button is pressed, refer to "Changing the
2. While pressing the P Lock Pin on the lens, turn the "P" mark on the Aperture Ring to the
Distance/Aperture Index. (Fig. 27)
|* Shooting in this mode is not possible with a
lens that cannot be used with the Program Mode.
* On some lenses, the "P" mark is indicated as an "A".
16. USING THE FLASH
Use the flash when shooting in dark places, in backlit conditions or when the subject is dark.
1. Pull up the Built-in Flash. (Fig. 28)
* Open the flash by pulling on the protruding grips on the sides of the flash.
2. Check that the Flash symbol (lightning bolt) is displayed on the LCD Panel. (Fig. 29)
To prevent camera shake, be sure to hold the camera correctly when shooting.
Support the camera on the palm of your left hand
so as you can turn the focusing ring with your fingers. (Fig. 30)
Place your forehead against the camera and look through the viewfinder.4www.butkus.org
1. Press the Shutter Button halfway. (Fig. 32)
* A display will appear at the bottom, inside the viewfinder.
* The Shutter Button can be pressed in two ways. If it is pressed halfway, the LCD Panel display and the viewfinder display will appear. If it is fully pressed, the shutter will be released.
* If the camera is not operated for about 10 seconds, the display insides the viewfinder will disappear. By pressing the shutter release button half way the display will appear.
2. Confirm that the viewfinder display has appeared. (Fig. 33)
* The viewfinder display should be as shown in the illustration. The "P" mark indicates that it is set to Program AE Mode. The number on the left of the "P" mark is the shutter speed. The number on the right side is the aperture setting.
* If the camera is not operated for approximately 30 seconds, he display on the LCD panel will disappear. By pressing the Shutter Button halfway, the display will reappear.
* When a slow shutter speed has been set, use a tripod to prevent camera shake.
|Focusing is achieved with the Split image focusing,
the Microprism focusing or the Matte screen focusing in the viewfinder. The type of focusing depends on the subject
and the lens being used. (Fig. 34, 35)
|* The film is wound on when the shutter is released.
Types of Focusing
1. Split image
The area inside of the center circle is the split image. When both images in the split image spot form a single, clear image, the subject is in focus.
The area inside the outer circle is the microprism. When the subject loses its shimmering appearance, the subject is in focus.
3. Matte screen4www.butkus.org
The area outside the microprism is the matte screen. When the image loses its blurred appearance, the subject is in focus.
* When you use a small aperture (high aperture value) with a lens such as a zoom lens, half of the split image becomes dark. In this case, use the matte screen to focus.
20. REWINDING THE FILM
* If the Manual Rewind Button is pressed while the film is rewinding, the film leader will not be rewound into the film cassette.
Rewinding halfway through the film
1. Turn the Main Switch ON.
2. Press the Manual Rewind Button. (Fig. 40)
* When removing the film, be careful not to touch the shutter with your fingers or with the edge of the film.
* The shutter cannot be released when "E" is displayed in the LCD Panel.
* It is sometimes possible to take more exposures than the number indicated on the box of the film. These "extra" exposures may come out overlapped or be cut off.
21. SELF-TIMER FUNCTION
|1. After focusing, slip the viewfinder cap attached
to the strap, over the viewfinder eyepiece. (Fig. 41)
* The viewfinder cap is used to avoid incorrect exposure due to stray light entering the viewfinder eyepiece.
Press the Self-timer Button. (Fig. 42)
To cancel the Self-timer function after pressing the Self-timer Button, press this button again or turn the Main Switch OFF.
* The Exposure Counter on the LCD Panel displays the number of seconds remaining before the shutter is released. (Fig. 43)
* The "Bulb" function cannot be used with the Self-timer function.
* For combining the Continuous Shooting Mode, Multi Exposure Mode, and Auto Bracketing Mode, refer to "Combining the Functions" on P.45.
22. SETTING THE MODES
With this camera, the shooting mode, shutter speed,
exposure metering, as well as many other functions can be
* You can combine the modes and set them. Refer to P.45 (Combining the Functions).
The settings are displayed in the LCD Panel. (From this point onwards, the LCD Panel display will be referred to as the "Normal Display".) (Fig. 44)
* When there is no display on the LCD Panel and the Main Switch is ON, press the Shutter Button halfway and the display will appear.
|1. Press the Mode Button (Mode 1 or Mode 2) of the
mode you wish to set. Press until the mode to be set is displayed. (Fig.
For detailed information on setting a mode, refer to the explanation of each mode.
When you remove your finger from the Mode Button, the LCD Panel display will return to the "Normal Display" after approximately 5 seconds.
2. Turn the Dial and set or adjust the value of the mode you have selected. (Fig. 46)
3. Press the Shutter Button halfway to return the LCD Panel display to the "Normal Display".
* Even if the Shutter Button is not pressed halfway, the "Normal Display" will automatically be displayed after 5 seconds.
Mode Setting Displays
Each time you press a Mode Button, the modes will always appear in the same order. However, when you press a Mode Button, the first mode displayed will be the last mode that was displayed.
If the power is switched off, the next time it is switched on, the mode that was last displayed will be the first to appear.
Select the mode and set with the Dial.
Mode 1 Button
This button is used to set the shutter speed and the Creative Modes.
Shutter Speed Mode
| A.OFF ~ Auto |
A.OFF (Auto OFF): Shutter Priority AE Mode/Manual Mode
Auto: Program AE Mode/Aperture Priority AE Mode
Exposure Metering Mode
I ~ ~ ~ 1
Center-weighted average exposure metering/Spot meterIng
Continuous Shooting Mode |OFF=ON |
Red-eye Reduction Mode |
OFF ~ ON |
By pressing the Reset Button, all the modes that were set will be canceled.
1. Press the Reset Button (Fig. 47)
* When the Reset Button is pressed, settings will return to their original settings as follows:
* This occurs when a Mode Button and Reset Button are pressed together.
* In this case, even if the Reset Button is pressed, the modes that were set will not be canceled. Also, if a mode is set to OFF with the Mode Button and Dial, it will be reset to ON when the Reset Button is pressed.
* To cancel a mode, keep the Reset Button pressed and use the Mode Button and Dial to set the mode to OFF. * When pressing a Mode Button, be careful not to press the Reset Button at the same time. For more information refer to P.54.
24. SHOOTING MODES
The 4 shooting modes are the Program AE Mode, Shutter Priority AE Mode, Aperture priority AE Mode and Manual Mode.
Program AE Mode
The camera automatically selects the shutter speed and aperture according to the subject illumination. This mode is ideal for general photography of people and scenery. You can also change the shutter speed and the aperture setting combination in this mode (See "Program Shift" on P.27).
Shutter Priority AE Mode
You can select the shutter speed setting and the correct aperture will automatically be set.
You may wish to set a high shutter speed when, for example, shooting a still picture of a moving subject. A slow shutter speed will emphasize the movement of a moving subject.
You may also wish to set a high shutter speed to avoid handshake when using a telephoto lens.
Aperture Priority AE Mode
You can select the aperture setting and the camera will automatically set the correct shutter speed.
The aperture priority function is ideal for increasing the depth-of-field. For example, in a portrait photograph, you can use a wide aperture to create an out of focused background and emphasize the subject, or in a landscape photo you can focus a wide area by setting a small aperture.
You can freely select the shutter speed and aperture setting.
They can be set according to the subject and shooting
25. PROGRAM AE MODE
The Program AE Mode is set when the display is as
shown in the illustration, and the lens aperture is set to "P" (or "A").
By pressing the Shutter Button halfway, the "P" mark will be displayed
inside the viewfinder. (Fig. 48)
1. Press the green Reset Button to set the shutter speed to AUTO.
|Press the MODE 1 Button until the AUTO or
display appears. (Fig. 49).
If the display shows A.OFF, use the Dial to change it to AUTO by turning right. (Fig. 50) Press the Shutter Button halfway and the "Normal Display" will appear.2. Set the lens aperture to "P".* This mode cannot be used with lenses un-adjustable to Program AE Photography (K Mount Lenses).
When the Program AE mode has been set, the camera automatically sets the correct combination of shutter speed and aperture, as shown in the graph.
* This graph will vary depending on the lens.
Lens: F1.4 - F22
Even if the camera is set to Program AK, you can freely change the shutter speed and aperture settings. The program shift allows you to change the combination of the shutter speed and aperture without changing the exposure.
This function allows you to use functions similar to the Shutter priority AE and Aperture priority AE without having to change from Program AE Mode.
Example of combinations that have the same exposure
as when the aperture is set to F5.6 and shutter speed is set to 1/125 seconds.
|1. When the Program AE mode has been set, look through
the viewfinder and turn the Dial to set the shutter speed and aperture.
26. SHUTTER PRIORITY AE MODE
|1. Press the MODE 1 Button until "Auto" appears.
2. Turn the Dial to the left to display "A.OFF". (Fig. 56)
3. Press the Shutter Button halfway to display the "Normal Display".
|4. Turn the Dial to set the shutter speed on the
5. Set the lens aperture ring to "P".
|* This mode cannot be used with lenses unadjustable
to Program AE Mode (K Mount Lenses).
* In some lenses, the "P" mark will be shown as an "A".
|6. Look through the viewfinder and make sure viewfinder
display is showing. (Fig. 58)
* The number on the left is the shutter speed, and the number on the right is the aperture number.
* With this mode, the aperture is automatically set to match the shutter speed setting and to allow correct exposure. However, correct exposure cannot be achieved when the aperture cannot be set any smaller for a high shutter speed setting, or when the aperture cannot be set any wider for a slow shutter speed setting. In this case, the camera will automatically set the shutter speed to allow correct exposure. The shutter speed displayed in the viewfinder display will be the actual shutter speed. This function is called automatic shift.
* When the viewfinder display is not showing, press
the Shutter Button halfway and it will appear.
When the Shutter Priority AE Mode is set, the camera
will automatically set the aperture. The program shift will
When shutter speed is 1/250 (Fig. 60)
27. APERTURE PRIORITY AE MODE
The camera is set to the Aperture Priority AE Mode
when the display is as shown in the illustration, and the lens
* If there is no display in the LCD Panel, press the Shutter Button halfway and it will appear. The mode cannot be set when this display is not showing.
When "Auto" is not displayed in the "Normal Display" in the LCD Panel, follow the procedure below.
If "Auto" is displayed, follow the procedure from
1. Press the MODE 1 Button until "A.OFF" appears.
2. Turn the Dial to the right to display "Auto". (Fig. 63)
4. Set the lens aperture value. (Fig. 64)
|* If the aperture is set on "P", turn the aperture
ring while pressing on the "P" Lock Pin.
5. Look through the viewfinder and make sure the viewfinder display is showing. (Fig. 65)
|* Only the shutter speed will appear inside
the viewfinder display.
* In certain cases, a subject may still be underexposed even when the slowest shutter speed is set. If this occurs, the underexposure mark (down arrow) appears in the viewfinder. Use a flash or the Bulb function to correct this situation. (Fig. 66)
28. MANUAL MODE
If "Auto" is not displayed, follow the procedures from step 3.
1. Press the MODE 1 Button to display "Auto".
2. Turn the Dial to the left to display "A.OFF". (Fig. 70)
3. Press the Shutter Button halfway and set the shutter speed in the LCD Panel to 125.
4. Turn the Dial to display the shutter speed you
wish to set.
|5. Look through the viewfinder and adjust the aperture
setting by turning the aperture ring. To change the shutter speed, turn
the Dial. Inside the viewfinder, the exposure indicator will be displayed.
Look at the exposure indicator when setting the aperture and shutter speed.
When the dot (e) of the exposure indicator is under the "0", the correct
exposure has been set. (Fig. 72)
When it is underexposed, the under-exposed mark (up arrow) will appear. When it is overexposed, the over-exposed mark (down arrow) will appear.
For underexposed pictures, set a wider aperture (smaller number) or slower shutter speed. For over exposed pictures, set a smaller aperture (larger number) or higher shutter speed.
* If the lens aperture is set on ``P", turn the aperture ring while pressing on the "P" Lock Pin .
* The exposure indicator also appears in the LCD Panel.
* Exposure compensation cannot be set in the Manual Mode.
If the shutter speed is set to "bulb" in the Manual Mode, the shutter will remain open for as long as you keep the Shutter Button pressed. This is called Bulb Photography. Bulb Photography is used for shooting night scenes, or other images with long exposure times.
2. Press the Shutter Button halfway to display the "Normal Display."
3. Turn the Dial until "bulb" is displayed. (Fig.
4. Set the aperture.
* When the aperture is set on "P" the smallest aperture will be set.
5. Keep the Shutter Button pressed for as long as
wish the shutter to remain open. (Fig. 75)
* If you remove your finger from the Shutter Button, the shutter will close.
* The Exposure Counter on the LCD Panel will display the time (in seconds) that the shutter has been open.
* To avoid camera shake, use a tripod and a release switch.